The word Ramadan originates from the Arabic root ‘ar-ramad’ or ‘ramida’, which means scorching heat or scarcity of rations. Ramadan, one of the months in the Islamic calendar, was also part of ancient Arabs’ calendars. Ramadan is the holy month of fasting as ordained by the Quran for all Muslims who have reached puberty and who are able to keep it, and it is the fourth pillar of Islam.
It was fought in 624 C.E in present-day Saudi Arabia, with the Muslims gaining victory, and is mentioned in the Quran and recorded in Hadiths. Ramadan is a holy month of fasting, introspection and prayer for Muslims, the followers of Islam. It is celebrated as the month during which Muhammad received the initial revelations of the Quran, the holy book for Muslims. Fasting is one of the five fundamental principles of Islam.